iSchool Directory


  • Indigenous Systems of Knowledge
  • Information and Society
  • Information Services


Sandy Littletree is a LIS educator and researcher with interests at the intersections of Indigenous systems of knowledge and the library and information science field. Her dissertation research focused on the history and development of tribal libraries in the United States, where she examined the themes of advocacy, leadership, self-determination, cultural knowledge, and government responsibilities to tribes. She has developed advocacy resources for tribal libraries, produced a series of oral histories that document the stories of Arizona’s tribal libraries, and oversaw the revision of the 3rd edition of TRAILS, a training manual designed for tribal libraries. As the former Program Manager for the Knowledge River project at the University of Arizona, she recruited and worked to retain students interested in serving Latino and Native American communities. She is a past president of the American Indian Library Association (AILA) and currently serves on several advisory boards for LIS projects in Indigenous communities in the US and Canada. She is an enrolled member of the Navajo Nation, originally from the Four Corners region of New Mexico.


  • Ph D, Information Science, University of Washington, 2018
  • Information Science, University of Washington, 2015
  • MSIS, Information Studies, University of Texas at Austin, 2006
  • MA, Curriculum and Instruction, New Mexico State University, 2004
  • BS, Education, New Mexico State University, 2000


  • Notable Dissertation - American Libraries Magazine, 2019
  • Cobell Summer Graduate Research Fellowship, 2017
  • Presidential Fellowship - GO-MAP, 2012

Consulting and Other Projects

  • Tribal College Librarians Institute (TCLI), 2017


  • American Indian Library Association
  • American Library Association

Publications and Contributions

  • Journal Article, Academic Journal
    Knowledge Organization from an Indigenous Perspective: The Mashantucket Pequot Thesaurus of American Indian Terminology Project (2015)
    Cataloging & Classification Quarterly Special Issue - Indigenous Knowledge Organization, Volume 53, Issue 5-6, Page 640-657 Authors: Sandra Littletree, Cheryl A. Metoyer
  • Conference Poster
    Native Systems of Knowledge (poster) (2014)
    Research Fair 2014 Authors: Cheryl A. Metoyer, Sandra Littletree, Miranda Belarde-Lewis, Marissa Duarte, Juan-Carlos Chavez, Ross Braine, Tess Cervantes, Ivette Bayo Urban, Sheryl Day
  • Book, Chapter in Non-Scholarly Book-New
    Advocacy and Marketing for the Tribal Library (2011)
    Tribal libraries, archives, and museums: Preserving our language, memory, and lifeways, Page 199-202 Author: Sandra Littletree
  • Book, Chapter in Scholarly Book-New
    Communities of Practice in Residency Programs: The NCSU Libraries Fellows Program (2011)
    The New Graduate Experience: Post-MLS Residency Programs and Early Career Librarianship, ISBN/ISSN: 9781591588863 Authors: Sandra Littletree, Hyun-Duck Chung
  • Journal Article, Academic Journal
    Knowledge River: A case study of a library and information science program focusing on Latino and Native American perspectives (2010)
    Library Trends, Volume 59 , Issue 1-2, Page 67-87 Authors: Patricia Montiel-Overall, Sandra Littletree
  • Conference Paper
    Honoring Generations: Developing the Next Generation of Native Librarians (2008)
    Proceedings of the First Joint Conference of Librarians of Color, Page 293-304 Author: Sandra Littletree


  • A Brief History of Tribal Libraries (2019)
    American Indian Library Association's 40th Anniversary Celebration, Annual ALA Conference - Washington D.C.
  • ALA Leaders Wanted (2019)
    American Library Association - Washington D.C.
  • Focusing on Indigenous Ontologies in LIS (2019)
    Mount Royal University Library - Calgary, Alberta
  • Honoring Relationality: Centering Indigenous Perspectives in Library Services (2019)
    Mount Royal Univerity Library - Calgary, Alberta
  • Indigenous Systems of Knowledge at the Intersections of the Information Science Field and Academia (2019)
    HASTAC 2019 Decolonizing Technologies, Reprogramming Education Conference - Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Indigenous Systems of Knowledge at the Intersections of the LIS Field and Academia (2019)
    International Indigenous Librarians’ Forum 2019 - Auckland, New Zealand
  • Native American Library Services History: Stories from the Archives (2019)
    Tribal College Librarians Professional Development Institute - Bozeman, Montana
  • The Evolution of Library Services for Native People: A Timeline (2019)
    IMLS Tribal Libraries Convening: Guiding IMLS Funding to Meet the Needs of Tribal Librarians and Their Communities - Washington D.C.
  • The History and Development of Tribal Libraries in the United States (2019)
    International Indigenous Librarians’ Forum 2019 - Auckland, New Zealand
  • The Things We Do: Indigenous Approaches to Knowledge and the Verbs that Drive Our Work (2019)
    Sorting Libraries Out: Decolonizing Classification and Indigenizing Description 2019 - Burnaby, British Columbia
  • Relationality and Indigenous Systems of Knowledge: At the Heart of an LIS Pedagogy (2018)
    iSchool Colloquia Series at the University of British Columbia - Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • Archival Education That Serves the Needs of Tribal Archivists and Communities (2017)
    Society of American Archivists Annual Meeting - Portland, OR
  • Sharing Stories of Tribal Libraries: History, Sovereignty, and Empowerment (2017)
    2017 International Conference of Indigenous Archives, Libraries, and Museums (ATALM) - Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico
  • Exploring the PhD Option (2015)
    IFLA New Professionals Special Interest Group webinar series - webinar
  • Indigenous Librarianship: A Pathway to Revitalizing Culturally Informed Senses (2013)
    12th Annual Symposium of Native & Indigenous Scholarship at the University of Washington - Seattle, WA
  • We are All Related: Relationality and Cultivating Communities of Practice for Indigenous Librarians? (2013)
    Alaska Native Libraries Archives Museums Summit - Anchorage, AK